Many stories at the Statehouse

As an interpreter at the Vandalia Statehouse, there is a wealth of known history to share with our visitors; however, the unknown is intriguing.
Much happened within the walls of this historic building that we do not know about, and the personalities who made Vandalia home for the months of the legislative session were many.
Enter Archibald Williams of Quincy, a self-made lawyer from Kentucky, who would become Lincoln’s fast friend. Williams was said to have had a physical resemblance to Lincoln, and rivaled him in homeliness.
Williams dressed so shabbily that once a hotel clerk, noticing him slouched in a lobby chair, questioned him whether he was a guest of the hotel, to which Williams replied, “Hell, no! I am one of its victims – I am paying five dollars a day!”
The Long Nine came out in support of Williams for state senator, but he finished third, with Richard M. Young, a former representative and circuit judge, declared the winner.
Young hosted a celebration at a Vandalia Inn, and the usual diet of wild game gave way to a more sumptuous fare.
As the spirits flowed, so, too, did the spirits of Stephen A. Douglas and James Shields, who climbed upon a cluttered table and performed a lively dance. The next morning, Judge Young paid $600 for supplies and breakage.
A visiting clergyman wrote home that Vandalia was a scandalous place much in need of reform and that church members should be more circumspect in their choice of legislators.
It will be remembered that it was James Shields who challenged Lincoln to a duel over the “Aunt Becca” letters. This was not the first time that Shields was observed dancing on a table. As good humor turned to resentment and anger over a bill, it was Shields who jumped to the rescue by dancing a little jig on his desk to break the tension.
Usher Linder of Coles County was a thorn in Lincoln’s side in Vandalia. He opposed moving the capitol and later introduced a resolution calling for an examination of the State Bank at Springfield by a House committee.
On any committee, a majority would be Democrats, unfriendly to the bank, and Linder hoped to put the bank in such jeopardy that Springfield would yield her claim to the capitol rather than lose the bank.
There is one report that during a legislative session, Lincoln chastised his fellow legislators for wanting to break the legislative session to take a Christmas holiday by saying to the effect that “the men who voted to put us in these seats do not get the day off, nor should we.” He was overruled.
The men who served in Vandalia were a lively lot, well educated for the most part, and through their guidance, the ship of Illinois’ state was brought through the first formative years of Illinois statehood.


Leave a Comment