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The Illinois winter wheat crop is expected to yield 61 bushels per acre, based on conditions as of May 1. That is five bushels above last year’s yield.
If this yield is realized, total production would be 44.5 million bushels, more than two and a half times last year’s production. Farmers seeded 760,000 acres to winter wheat last fall, and expect to harvest 730,000 acres for grain.
This compares to 330,000 acres seeded and 295,000 acres harvested in 2010.
Nine percent of the winter wheat was headed as of May 1, compared to 11 percent last year and the five-year average of 14 percent.
The condition of the crop was 6 percent excellent, 48 percent good, 36 percent fair, 8 percent poor and 2 percent very poor.
Across the United States, winter wheat production is forecast at 1.42 billion bushels, down 4 percent from 2010. Based on May 1 conditions, the United States yield is forecast at 44.5 bushels per acre, down 2.3 bushels from the previous year.
Expected grain area totals 32.0 million acres, up 1 percent from last year.
Hay stocks in Illinois on May 1 were at 320,000 tons, up 3 percent from a year ago. Harvest of hay was just beginning, with 1 percent of the first cutting of alfalfa complete as of May 1.
Alfalfa condition was 7 percent excellent, 60 percent good, 28 percent fair, 4 percent poor and 1 percent very poor. Red Clover condition was 11 percent excellent, 60 percent good, 26 percent fair, 2 percent poor and 1 percent very poor.
Corn planting was 34 percent complete by May 8, compared to 93 percent last year and 62 percent for the five-year average.
Corn was 6-percent emerged, compared to 60 percent last year.
Oats planting was 78 percent complete by May 1, compared to 94 percent last year and the five- year average of 83 percent.