The Illinois Field Office of NASS this week released the USDA’s October Crop Production Report. Highlights of the report include:
As of Oct. 1, the corn for grain yield in Illinois was expected to drop two bushels from the Sept. 1 forecast to 159 bushels per acre. Production would be 1.97 billion bushels, 1 percent more than last year’s crop. As of Oct. 2, 32 percent of the crop was harvested, which compares to 72 percent last year at this time and a five- year average of 36 percent. Acres planted and harvested were each revised up to 12.6 million and 12.4 million. These are increases of 100,000 acres from the previous estimates.
The Oct. 1 forecast yield for soybeans in Illinois was expected to drop to 46 bushels per acre, two bushels below the Sept. 1 estimate. Production was expected to total 407.1 million bushels, down 13 percent from last year. As of Oct. 2, 12 percent of the crop had been harvested, compared to 46 percent last year and the five-year average of 27 percent.
The final yield for the 2011 winter wheat crop was 61 bushels per acre, up 5 bushels from last year’s yield.
Corn production is forecast at 12.4 billion bushels, down 1 percent from the September forecast, and down slightly from the 2010 production estimate. If realized, this will be the fourth largest production total on record for the United States. Based on conditions as of Oct. 1, yields are expected to average 148.1 bushels per acre, unchanged from the September forecast, but down 4.7 bushels from 2010. If realized, this will be the lowest average yield since 2005.
Soybean production is forecast at 3.06 billion bushels, down 1 percent from September and down 8 percent from last year. Based on Oct. 1 conditions, yields are expected to average 41.5 bushels per acre, down 0.3 bushel from last month and down two bushels from last year. If realized, the average yield will be the second lowest since 2003. Area for harvest is forecast at 73.7 million acres, down 4 percent from 2010.
All wheat production totaled 2.01 billion bushels in 2011, down 9 percent from 2010.
Grain area totaled 45.7 million acres, down 4 percent from the previous year. The United States yield is 43.9 bushels per acre, down 2.4 bushels from the previous year’s record high but still ranks as the fifth highest on record. The levels of production and changes from 2010 by type are winter wheat, 1.49 billion bushels, up 1 percent; other spring wheat, 462 million bushels, down 25 percent; Durum wheat, 51.9 million bushels, down 51 percent.