The Illinois Field Office of NASS last week released the USDA’s annual crop production summary, winter wheat seedings and grain stocks report. State highlights of the reports include:
CORN – Production of corn for grain totaled 1.95 billion bushels in 2011, matching 2010 production. The final yield was 157 bushels per acre, the same as last year. Acreage numbers for 2011 were the same as 2010, with 12.6 million acres planted to corn and 12.4 million harvested for grain. Final yield, acreage planted, and harvested numbers were identical to last year, although conditions in the field were very different. Wet conditions in 2011 led to later planting than the historical average, with only 34 percent of the crop planted by May 8. High temperatures in the summer months pushed the crop to maturity more quickly than is typical, allowing harvest to run ahead of normal pace.
SOYBEANS – The final yield for the 2011 soybean crop was 47 bushels per acre, 4.5 bushels below 2010, but one bushel above the yield in 2009. Production in 2011 reached 416 million bushels, down 11 percent from 2010. This was the lowest production since 2007. Acres planted in 2011 were down 200,000 from 2010 to 8.9 million acres, also the lowest acreage planted since 2007. Soybean harvest this year ran behind last year’s record pace, but still above the five-year average harvest progress.
SORGHUM – The final 2011 yield for sorghum for grain was 91 bushels per acre, five bushels below the yield in 2010. Production was 1.82 million bushels, compared to 3.17 million bushels the previous year. Total planted and harvested for grain acres were 22,000 and 20,000, respectively, both down from the previous year.
HAY – Production of all hay in 2011 was 1.58 million tons, 18 percent less than in 2010. Alfalfa hay production was down 26 percent, to 952,000 tons, while all other hay production stayed the same at 624,000 tons. Yields averaged 3.4 tons per acre for alfalfa hay and 2.4 tons per acre for all other hay. Alfalfa acreage cut for hay was 280,000 in 2011, down 18 percent from 2010. Acreage cut for all other hay was 260,000, unchanged from 2010.
WINTER WHEAT – An estimated 660,000 acres of winter wheat were seeded in the fall of 2011, 17 percent less than in 2010. While down 140,000 acres from 2011, seedings for 2012 are still double the record low of 330,000 acres seeded in the fall of 2009. The five-year average for wheat seeded in Illinois is 836,000 acres, while the 10-year average is slightly lower at 817,000 acres.
Corn for grain production is estimated at 12.4 billion bushels, up slightly from the November 1 forecast but 1 percent below 2010. The average yield in the United States for 2011 is estimated at 147.2 bushels per acre. This is up 0.5 bushel from the November forecast but 5.6 bushels below the 2010 average yield of 152.8 bushels. Area harvested for grain is estimated at 84.0 million acres, up slightly from the November forecast and up 3 percent from 2010.
Soybean production in 2011 totaled 3.06 billion bushels, up slightly from the November 1 forecast but down 8 percent from 2010. United States production is the sixth largest on record. The average yield per acre is estimated at 41.5 bushels, 0.2 bushel above the November 1 forecast but 2.0 bushels below last year’s yield. Harvested area is down 4 percent from 2010 to 73.6 million acres.
Sorghum grain production in 2011 is estimated at 214 million bushels, down 13 percent from the November 1 forecast and 38 percent below 2010. Planted area is estimated at 5.48 million acres, up 1 percent from last year. Area harvested for grain, at 3.93 million acres, is down 18 percent from 2010. Average grain yield, at 54.6 bushels per acre, is down 0.9 bushel from the previous forecast and down 17.2 bushels from last year.
All Hay: Production of dry hay for 2011 is estimated at 131 million tons, down slightly from the October 1 forecast and down 10 percent from the 2010 total. This is the lowest United States production level since 1988. Area harvested is estimated at 55.6 million acres, down 3 percent from the October 1 forecast and down 7 percent from last year. The average yield, at 2.36 tons per acre, is up 0.07 ton from October but down 0.07 ton from the previous year.
Winter wheat seeded area for 2012 is expected to total 41.9 million acres, up 3 percent from 2011. Approximate class acreage breakdowns are: Hard Red Winter, 30.1 million; Soft Red Winter, 8.37 million; and White Winter, 3.49 million.
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Corn stocks in Illinois on December 1, 2011 totaled 1.67 billion bushels, down 3 percent from a year earlier. On-farm stocks, at 970 million bushels, accounted for 58 percent of the total stocks. Off-farm stocks, at 699 million bushels, were down 6 percent from 2010.
Soybean stocks totaled 398 million bushels stored in all positions on December 1, 2011, down 2 percent from the previous year’s total. On farm stocks totaled 190 million bushels, 48 percent of the total stocks and 10 percent below December 1, 2010. Off-farm stocks, at 208 million bushels, were up 5 percent from a year earlier. This is the highest level of soybean stocks since December 2007.
Wheat stocks in all positions totaled 50.6 million bushels on December 1, 2011. Off-farm stocks, at 46.1 million bushels accounted for 91 percent of the state total. On-farm stocks totaled 4.5 million bushels, up over 300 percent from a year earlier. Wheat production was up over 30 million bushels in 2011 which supports this increase in on-farm stocks.
Corn stored in all positions on December 1, 2011 totaled 9.64 billion bushels, down 4 percent from December 1, 2010. Of the total stocks, 6.18 billion bushels are stored on farms, down 2 percent from a year earlier. Off-farm stocks, at 3.47 billion bushels, are down 8 percent from a year ago. The September - November 2011 indicated disappearance is 3.84 billion bushels, compared with 4.10 billion bushels during the same period last year.
Soybeans stored in all positions on December 1, 2011 totaled 2.37 billion bushels, up 4 percent from December 1, 2010. Soybean stocks stored on farms totaled 1.14 billion bushels, up 4 percent from a year ago. Off-farm stocks, at 1.23 billion bushels, are up 3 percent from last December. Indicated disappearance for September - November 2011 totaled 905 million bushels, down 25 percent from the same period a year earlier.
All wheat stored in all positions on December 1, 2011 totaled 1.66 billion bushels, down 14 percent from a year ago. On-farm stocks are estimated at 405 million bushels, down 26 percent from last December. Off-farm stocks, at 1.25 billion bushels, are down 10 percent from a year ago. The September - November 2011 indicated disappearance is 490 million bushels, down 5 percent from the same period a year earlier.